One of the most common diseases in dentistry is periodontitis, which occurs very often, I want the population to know how it develops, what needs to be done to have healthy gums and teeth, and what dangerous diseases it causes!
Periodontitis is an inflammation of the gums and sockets of the teeth.

Periodontitis is a disease caused by bacteria that collect in the spaces between the gums and tooth sockets and then become inflamed. If the problem is not resolved by brushing away the bacteria, it can lead to infection and resorption of the bone around the teeth. If left unchecked, the teeth will slowly separate from their supporting tissues and then become completely loose.

In the early stages, you may notice that your gums bleed frequently and easily, for example when you brush your teeth. Healthy gums are light pink in color, but if they are inflamed they turn dark red. At this stage, usually none of the bone supporting the teeth is damaged and the teeth can recover. But if you don’t clean your gums, pockets will form near your teeth, in which bacteria can more easily accumulate and the disease will accelerate.

Dangerous dental bacteria enter the bloodstream.

Bacteria from inflamed gums can enter the bloodstream and infect organs.

According to new data, gum inflammation can lead to the following health problems:

  • Diabetes
  • Pregnancy risks (eg, premature birth)
  • Chronic respiratory diseases, pneumonia
  • Osteoporosis (bone loss)
  • Apoplexy
  • Cardiovascular diseases, myocardial infarction.

Diabetes and gum disease go hand in hand; one influences the other. Having diabetes can cause a more severe case of gum disease and prolong the process. Additionally, gum disease can make it difficult to control your glucose and blood sugar levels. Periodontal disease can cause these levels to increase in people with or without diabetes; can potentially lead to type 2 diabetes.
Glucose can be found in the saliva in the mouth. If levels are too high, it can lead to the development of harmful bacteria. The resulting bacteria combine with food to create plaque. Plaque is a word we all know all too well during visits to the dentist.

The most important thing is to maintain good oral hygiene and brush your teeth thoroughly twice a day, as well as clean the spaces between your teeth. This will prevent the spread of bacteria and keep your teeth healthy. Smoking can worsen periodontitis and speed up the progression of the disease.

Periodontitis is usually treated by dentists who remove tartar and deposits from the teeth. This is done using a scaler or an ultrasonic instrument. If deep pockets have developed, it usually takes several visits to the dental hygienist to remove bacterial plaque from the pockets. This is usually done under local anesthesia. If there is gum recession due to tartar, plastic surgery of the gums is performed.

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Working hours: Mon.-Sat. – 10:00 – 17:00


Maia Sartania

Dentist-Therapist, Surgeon, Implantologist, Periodontologist

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Dental Clinic Live Dent

Gldani, 75a Ilia Vekua str., Tbilisi

+995 597 54 35 34

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Mon.-Sat. – 10:00 – 17:00

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